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Hand Injury

Intricate in design and function, the hand is an amazing work of anatomic engineering. Form follows function in the hand; therefore, any injury to the underlying structures of the hand carries the potential for serious handicap. The goal with injuries to the hand is a rapid and accurate initial evaluation and treatment.

Types of hand injuries

1. Bone fracture injury

2. Nerve injury

3. Soft tissue injury

4. Crush injury

5. Tendon injury

6. Burn injury

7. Ligament injury

Symptoms of hand injuries

Hand Injury Symptoms : The symptoms of hand injuries can vary depending on the type of injury, how the injury occurred (mechanism), depth, severity, and location.  

Common symptoms of hand injuries

  • Lacerations
    Tenderness (pain) 

  • Bleeding 
  • Numbness 
  • Decrease range of motion (difficulty moving) 
  • Weakness 
  • Pallor (pale or bloodless) 

Fractures and dislocations

  • Tenderness 
  • Deformity 
  • Swelling and discoloration
  • Decrease range of motion
  • Numbness
  • Weakness
  • Bleeding

Soft tissue injuries and amputations

  • Tenderness
  • Deformity (with or without tissue and bone loss)
  • Swelling and discoloration
  • Bleeding
  • Weakness
  • Numbness

Infections

  • Tenderness
  • Local warmth
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Fever (rare in hand infections)
  • Deformity
  • Decrease range of motion

Burns

  • Tenderness or complete numbness
  • Deformity
  • Discoloration
  • Loss of tissue
  • Change in texture of skin
  • Redness
  • Blistering
  • Black areas of tissue

High pressure injuries

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Occasional skin discoloration